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Government of india ministry of earth sciences lok sabha unstarred question no to be answered

GOVERNMENT OF INDIA MINISTRY OF EARTH SCIENCES LOK SABHA UNSTARRED QUESTION No. 251 TO BE ANSWERED ON WEDNESDAY, JULY 22, 2015 CYCLONES 251. SHRI ABHISHEK SINGH: Will the Minister of EARTH SCIENCES be pleased to state: (a) the efforts being made by the Government for anticipating oceanic cyclones; (b) whether the Government has conducted any survey of cyclone prone areas; (c) if so, the details thereof and the cyclone prone areas in the country, location and State-wise; (d) the preventive steps being taken by the Government in those States; and (e) the details of losses of life and property suffered due to cyclones during the last year? ANSWER MINISTER OF STATE FOR MINISTRY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY AND MINISTRY OF EARTH SCIENCES (SHRI Y. S. CHOWDARY) (a) Earth System Science Organization–India Meteorological Department (ESSO-IMD) operates 24X7 monitoring of satellite and Doppler Weather Radar (DWR) based weather monitoring over the potential cyclogenic zones of the Bay of Bengal and Arabian Sea for detecting the cyclogenesis. The commissioning of the high performance computing (HPC) system has provided opportunity to assimilate satellite radiance, Doppler Weather Radar (DWR), OCEANSAT (scatterometer, total precipitable water content) data etc. of global oceans in to the global (22Km grid scale)/meso-scale(9Km grid scale) forecast systems. The performance evaluation of the updated global/meso-scale forecast systems in continuation with adoption of improved local forecast systems for the past 5-7 years have demonstrated enhanced forecast skill by about 18% quantitatively as far as the track and landfall forecasts of the tropical cyclones are concerned. As and when the cyclone systems move in to the 500Km surveillance range of DWRs, identification of strong wind zones and pockets of heavy rainfall within the core cyclone area is carried out and their rapid changes are monitored on continuous basis. ESSO-IMD currently operates 5-Doppler Weather Radars (DWR) at Chennai, Machilipatnam, Visakhapatnam, Kolkata, Sriharikota on the east

coast, 679 Automatic Weather Stations (AWS) and 1292 Automatic Rain Gauges (ARG) covering all districts of India. With the commissioning of the state-of-the-art observing, monitoring/ early warning and data visualization/information processing and communication technologies, several manual operations have been fully automated. (b) Yes Madam. (c)&(d) ESSO-IMD has conducted a survey on cyclone prone area in the country. Ninety six districts including 72 districts touching the coast and 24 districts not touching the coast, but lying within 100 km from the coast have been classified based on their proneness in terms of frequency of total cyclones & severe cyclones crossing the district; strength of actual/estimated wind speed and wind strength affecting the district, probable maximum storm surge (PMSS) and daily probable maximum precipitation (PMP) over the district based on data of 1891-2010. Out of 96 districts, twelve are very highly prone, forty one are highly prone, thirty are moderately prone and remaining thirteen are less prone. Twelve very highly prone districts include south and north 24 Praganas, Medinipur and Kolkata of West Bengal, Balasore, Bhadrak, Kendrapara and Jagatsinghpur districts of Odisha, Nellore, Krishna and east Godavari districts of Andhra Pradesh and Yanam of Puducherry. Details of the districts are shown in Annexure I. ESSO council serves as a Monitoring and Advisory Committee to evaluate progress of various programmes every six months and suggests remedial measures. ESSO-IMD participates in the pre- cyclone exercise twice a year in the month of April and September to take stock the observational systems and plan for the ensuing cyclone season. Effective emergency response mechanisms are institutionalized in all coastal states /districts to execute all necessary action related response and safe relocation of likely affected communities from all most vulnerable villages in a highly structured /organized manner so as to ensure the minimal loss of life. In order to facilitate such actions, all coastal villages are connected with all weather approach roads for executing safe relief operations. 24X7 control room of Ministry of Home Affairs executes and guides the states governments as per the directions and decisions of the Crisis management Committee headed by the Cabinet Secretary. (e) Only The Very Severe Cyclonic Storm ‘HUDHUD’ crossed Indian cost last year. HUDHUD affected North Andhra Pradesh and adjoining south Odisha. Details of the damages in Andhra Pradesh are given in Annexure-II.

Annexure-I Cyclone prone districts of India State Districts Category of Proneness Andhra Pradesh Nellore Very highly prone Andhra Pradesh East Godavari Very highly prone Andhra Pradesh Krishna Very highly prone Odisha Balasore Very highly prone Odisha Kendrapara Very highly prone Odisha Jagatsinghpur Very highly prone Odisha Bhadrak Very highly prone Puducherry Yanam Very highly prone West Bengal South 24-Pragana Very highly prone West Bengal Medinipur Very highly prone Andhra Pradesh Srikakulam Highly prone Andhra Pradesh Guntur Highly prone Andhra Pradesh Visakhapatnam Highly prone Andhra Pradesh West Godavari Highly prone Andhra Pradesh Prakasam Highly prone Andhra Pradesh Vizianagaram Highly prone Daman & Diu Diu Highly prone Daman & Diu Daman Highly prone Goa North Goa Highly prone Goa South Goa Highly prone Gujarat Junagadh Highly prone Gujarat Ahmedabad Highly prone Gujarat Kachchh Highly prone Gujarat Bhavnagar Highly prone Gujarat Jamnagar Highly prone Gujarat Anand Highly prone Gujarat Navsari Highly prone Gujarat Surat Highly prone Gujarat Bharuch Highly prone Gujarat Valsad Highly prone Gujarat Rajkot Highly prone Gujarat Porbandar Highly prone Lakshadweep Lakshadweep Highly prone Maharashtra Thane Highly prone Maharashtra Mumbai suburban Highly prone Maharashtra Raigarh Highly prone Odisha Ganjam Highly prone

Odisha Puri Highly prone Odisha Khordha Highly prone Puducherry Karaikal Highly prone Puducherry Puducherry Highly prone Tamil Nadu Pudukkottai Highly prone Tamil Nadu Cuddalore Highly prone Tamil Nadu Kanchipuram Highly prone Tamil Nadu Tiruvarur Highly prone Tamil Nadu Nagappattinam Highly prone Tamil Nadu Chennai Highly prone Tamil Nadu Toothukudi Highly prone Tamil Nadu Viluppuram Highly prone A&N Island A & N Islands Moderately prone Gujarat Vadodara Moderately prone Gujarat Amreli Moderately prone Karnataka Udupi Moderately prone Karnataka Uttar Kannada Moderately prone Karnataka Dakshin Kannada Moderately prone Kerala Kozhikode Moderately prone Kerala Malappuram Moderately prone Kerala Thrissur Moderately prone Kerala Kannur Moderately prone Kerala Kollam Moderately prone Kerala Alappuzha Moderately prone Kerala Thiruvananthapuram Moderately prone Maharashtra Ratnagiri Moderately prone Maharashtra Sindhudurg Moderately prone Puducherry Mahe Moderately prone Tamil Nadu Ramanathapuram Moderately prone Tamil Nadu Tirunelveli Moderately prone Tamil Nadu Thanjavur Moderately prone Tamil Nadu Tiruvallur Moderately prone Tamil Nadu Kanyakumari Moderately prone Kerala Kasargod Less prone Kerala Ernakulam Less prone

Annexure-II Damages associated with VSCS Hudhud S No. ITEM Quantity 1 Districts Affected 4 2 Block Affected (Nos.) 65 3 Village Affected(Nos.) 4484 4 Families affected 20,93,508 5 Persons evacuated 135262 6 Persons rescued 146 7. Human Loss/Injured (a) Number of Deaths(no.) 46 (b) Number of injured (no.) 43 8. Loss of livestock Number of animal perished (no.) 2831 poultry/duck 2443701 9. Agriculture 237854 Hect. Expected production loss (tons) (a) Food Grains & Cash crops 2214000 in Tons (b) Horticultural crops 6.89 Tons 10. Housing Number of Affected houses (no.) 41269 kuchha 18886 (ii) pucca 12264 (iii) Hut 10119 11. Infrastructure (A) Roads (a) Road length damaged (km) (i)National highway Not estimated (ii)state highway 2250.00 (iii)P.R. Road 3176.7 km (iv)others(municipal Roads) 648.73 km (b) Villages disconnected to transportation facility (i) Number 73 (ii) Days 2 (B) Water supply system (a) pipe line (i) Trunk (Fully/ Partially damaged no) 194 No /39.40 km (ii) Distribution (Fully/ Partially damaged no) 35

(b) pumping station (no.) 102 (c) overhead reservoirs(Fully damaged) 197 (e) Drinking water (Tanks Partially damaged no.) 7 (f) Drinking water wells Fully/ Partially damaged (no.) 33 [E] IRRIGATION (a) breach of canal damaged (No.) 55 (b) breaches to dams(No.) 1847 (d) irrigation wells damaged(No.) 16 [F] Eletrctricity supply* 27041 poles (a) high tension lines damaged (km) 506 km (b) low tension lines damaged (km) 7500 km (c) transformers damaged (No.) 7300 (d) substation damaged 1526 [G] Building 455 Nos. (a) Primary schools (Partially/Fully) 80 (b) Secondary schools (Partially/ully.) 237 (c) Community Center (Partially ) 23 (e) Other Government Building ( Partiall) 8 (H) Shops and others commercial building damaged (a) shops ( Partially) 70 (b) other commercial buildings( Partially) 73 [I] Other utilities (a) Land telephone disrupted(no. of days) 2 (b) Mobile phones disrupted (no. of days) 1 (c) villages disconnected to communication facilities (i) Number 73 (ii) days 2 12 Handlooms Damaged looms 15 Loss of raw materials/Goods in process/finished goods 32 13 Fisheries Loss of Boat/missing 1110 Catamaran 698 Net 2129 14 Street vendors 10 Loss of push carts(number) 85 15 Artisans’ 70